What is Acne?
Acne (acne vulgaris, also known as modern acne) is a condition of the hair follicles of the face, shoulders, and back that affects nearly all teens during puberty, with the exception of a few primitive Neolithic groups living in solitude. Bacteria do not trigger it, but they do play a role in its growth. Acne is not uncommon in women in their mid- to late-twenties.
- Acne vulgaris is the most common form of adolescent acne, and it is distinguished by three types of lesions.
- A comedo or blackhead; an inflammatory papule; and a pustule or pimple
- Acne can appear in the forms of:
- Occluded pores (“comedones”), also known as blackheads or whiteheads,
- Tender red bumps (also known as pimples or zits),
- Pustules (bumps with pus), and, in rare occasions,
- Cysts (the deep pimples and boils of cystic acne).
What Causes Acne?
Acne is caused by a combination of factors. Acne develops as the sebaceous (oil) glands attached to the hair follicles are activated during puberty or by other hormonal shifts. Sebum (oil) is a naturally occurring fluid that moisturizes and preserves the skin. A transition in the way skin cells mature is associated with increased oil production, predisposing them to plug the follicular pore. If the plug is protected by a thin layer of skin, it appears as a whitehead; if exposed to sunlight, the darker exposed part of the plug is considered a “blackhead.” The plugged hair follicle enlarges rapidly, resulting in a bump. As the follicle grows in size, the wall can rupture, allowing irritating substances and natural skin bacteria to enter the deeper layers of the skin and cause inflammation. Inflammation at the skin’s surface results in a pustule; deeper inflammation results in a papule (pimple); and severe inflammation results in a cyst. Below are the usual culprits that cause pimples.
- Health: While several recent reports have linked a high-carbohydrate diet, milk, and pure chocolate to acne flare-ups, these results are far from conclusive, however it’s best to avoid a high intake of sugar which spikes insulin and can cause inflammation.
- Sweat and dirt: Blackheads are not dirt, but rather oxidized oil. Sweat does not induce acne since it is formed by very different glands in the skin. Excessive washing, on the other hand, will dry and irritate the skin.
- Stress: Some people are so bothered by their pimples that they pick at them, causing them to last longer. However, stress does not play a significant role in the development of acne.
The following factors may play a role in sporadic patients:
- Heredity: If one of your parents has extreme acne, your acne would more likely be more difficult to handle.
Pressure from helmets, chin belts, collars, suspenders, and other similar items can aggravate acne in some patients.
- Drugs: Certain drugs, such as those containing iodides, bromides, or oral or injected steroids, can induce or exacerbate acne (either the medically prescribed prednisone [Deltasone, Orasone, Prednicen-M, Liquid Pred] or the steroids that bodybuilders or athletes sometimes take). Anticonvulsant medicines and lithium are two other drugs that can worsen or aggravate acne (Eskalith, Lithobid). The majority of acne cases, on the other hand, are not caused by drugs.
- Occupations: Proximity to industrial products such as cutting oils can cause acne in some workers.
- Cosmetics: Certain cosmetics and skincare ingredients clog the pores (“comedogenic”). If one is worried about acne, it is important to read the ingredient list of the many available brands of skincare products and select those that have water specified first or second. These “water-based” cosmetics are typically used for acne sufferers.
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What are the best Acne treatments?
Traditional acne therapies, such as salicylic acid, niacinamide, or benzoyl peroxide, have been shown to be the most successful acne treatments, but they can be costly and have unpleasant side effects, such as dryness, redness, and discomfort.
This has inspired many people to look at natural acne cures at home. In reality, according to one survey, 77% of acne patients had sought alternate acne treatments.
Many home remedies lack clinical support, and further study on their efficacy is needed. However, if you are opting for holistic therapies, there are already choices available to you.
Acne can be treated effectively by medications sold at a drugstore or beauty counter that do not need a prescription. However, with more severe cases of acne, a specialist should be consulted for treatment options.
When it comes to selecting the best acne remedies, there are a million options available and not all of them are made equal. From acne washes to creams and spot remedies, the choices can be endless, making it difficult to determine which acne medication is really the best for you.
Much more aggravating? The reality that we are all struggling with acne in the first place. Seriously, we expected the breakouts to end shortly after AP Calculus. Adult acne, on the other hand, exists and can influence adults in their 20s, 30s, and even even into their 50s.
If you think blackheads and whiteheads were bothersome, wait until you see the deep painful pimples that often appear in adult acne. They are much more aggravating—and much more difficult to get rid of. We spoke with dermatologists to find out which acne therapies work well on all kinds of pimples.
Skin treatments and cleansing
There is no one-size-fits-all product or routine that is appropriate for every individual and circumstance.
- Mild cleansers: Washing your face once or twice a day with a mild cleaning bar or liquid (for example, Dove, Neutrogena, Basis, Intent, and Cetaphil are all inexpensive and popular) can keep your skin clean while reducing sensitivity and irritation.
- Cleansers and masks that exfoliate: Mild scrubs, exfoliants, and masks will all be used. These products can contain salicylic acid in concentrations that render it a mild peeling agent. These products strip the skin’s outer layer, allowing pores to expand. Gentle skin exfoliants include products containing glycolic or alpha hydroxy acids.
- Retinol: Not to be confused with the prescription drug Retin-A, this vitamin A derivative can aid in skin peeling. Retinol is also considered one of the best anti-aging treatments.
- Antibacterial cleansers: Benzoyl peroxide is the most common ingredient in over-the-counter antibacterial cleansers.
- External (topical) applications: Antibacterial cleansers are applied to the affected area in the form of gels, creams, and lotions. Surface bacteria are killed by active ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, and resorcinol. Any labels promoted on the Internet and cable TV (such as ProActiv) are far more expensive than similar and, in some cases, more potent versions available at a drugstore.
If you are suffering from ongoing acne issues, its best to keep things that come into contact with your face clean. This mean face cloths, pillow cases and towels. These can all gather bacteria’s that aggravate your acne making it worse and should be change regularly.
Acne Scarring Treatments
Pockmarks are deep holes on the skin that normally do not disappear on their own. They are often affected by extreme acne, but they may also be caused by skin infections or chickenpox. There are a variety of therapies and home remedies that can help reduce the presence of wounds and enhance the appearance and feel of the skin.
Active breakouts are aggravating enough, but the wounds acne can cause can be downright devilish. Acne scars, on the other hand, may be healed.
More server cases may require clinical acne scar treatment from a specialist. Your acne treatment specialist may proceed to treat your skin in the form of:
- Laser resurfacing
- Chemical Peels
If you are concerned about your acne, consult with your GP or skin specialist for advice on a treatment plan that best suits you.