Home Blog Wisdom Teeth – Do You Need To Get Them Removed?

Wisdom Teeth – Do You Need To Get Them Removed?

by Sharon Butcher

What are Wisdom Teeth?

Wisdom teeth are the last molars (back teeth) to emerge, normally in the late teens or early twenties. This is a natural part of the growth of the mouth. Normally, there are four wisdom teeth – two in the upper jaw and two in the lower jaw – but some may have more, less, or none at all.  Some wisdom teeth emerge without incident, while others are troublesome and can necessitate replacement or other care.

Wisdom teeth are named this way because they are the last teeth to emerge, normally between the ages of 17 and 21, implying that this is the age at which a human reaches maturity and hence wisdom.



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Why Do We Get Wisdom Teeth?

In general, wisdom teeth have no function other than to have an extra pair of molars on either side of the mouth to assist in food grinding. However, because of their late eruption (usually between the ages of 17 and 24), these four additional teeth can cause problems if they do not have enough space to emerge.

According to science evidence, vitamin K2, which is responsible for jaw production and growth, is often deficient in western diets. As a result, jaw underdevelopment is widespread in the western population, which is one of the reasons wisdom teeth do not have enough space to emerge.

Furthermore, there are other potential reasons for the underdeveloped jaw, such as reduced breastfeeding rates and a soft-food-based human diet in child era.


When Should I get Wisdom Teeth Removed?

Wisdom teeth often do not have enough space to mature properly which can cause complications.  Wisdom teeth that have been impacted can cause discomfort, damage to other teeth, and other dental issues. Impacted wisdom teeth can not present any obvious or urgent complications in some situations. However, since they are difficult to clean, they may be more susceptible to tooth decay and gum disease than most teeth.  Wisdom teeth can erupt at a variety of angles in the mouth, even horizontally. Wisdom teeth will cause problems if they:

  • Maintain total concealment within the gums. Wisdom teeth get lodged (impacted) inside the jaw if they are unable to emerge naturally. Which can also lead to inflammation or the formation of a cyst, which can damage other teeth roots or bone support.
  • Partially emerge from the gums. Wisdom teeth that partly emerge provide a passageway that can become a magnet for bacteria that cause gum disease and oral infection because this region is difficult to see and disinfect.
  • Crowd your neighbor’s teeth. If wisdom teeth do not have enough space to grow properly, they can crowd or injure neighboring teeth.

If wisdom teeth do not fully emerge, some dentists prescribe extraction. Many dentists agree that removing wisdom teeth at a younger age, when the roots and bone have fully grown, is preferable because healing is usually easier following surgery. As a result, some young people have their wisdom teeth extracted until they create complications.



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Why are Wisdom Teeth extracted?

The majority of people have two upper and two lower wisdom teeth. This type of tooth is not unusual to become impacted.

Wisdom teeth that are impacted and causing discomfort or other dental problems are normally extracted. To avoid additional complications, some dentists and oral surgeons consider cutting affected wisdom teeth that do not cause symptoms.  An impacted tooth is one that has not developed through the gum into the mouth or has only grown partially through and is in an unusual location.

This is a dangerous condition, and the tooth should be extracted to avoid complications such as decay, cysts, inflammation, or crowding.


Is Wisdom Tooth removal painful?

Many people are concerned with irritation or suffering after wisdom tooth extraction. The good news is that this is a simple treatment that is usually done chair-side at a dental clinic. In certain cases, a wisdom tooth may be extracted rapidly and easily; but, in more difficult cases, wisdom tooth extraction may require removing both the gum and the bone, and the tooth itself may need to be pulled in pieces.

Although the surgical procedure itself is relaxing for the patient, it is normal for them to experience any pain. Wisdom tooth removal is a surgical operation, because even with the best of intentions, the gum tissue and bone that housed the wisdom tooth are likely to be shifted. As a result, the extraction area is expected to be tender.

As a result, any pain or nausea at the extraction site is perfectly normal after the anaesthetic has worn off. Of course, how much or how little pain there is has a lot to do with how simple or difficult the wisdom tooth removal procedure was.  Most people recover from wisdom tooth extraction in 3-4 days and are able to resume their normal day lives at that time. However, complete recovery can take 7-10 days for more difficult cases or multiple tooth extractions.


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